Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) General Zubair Mahmood Hayat said the US has now realized mistakes made in Afghanistan. These remarks were expressed by the CJCSC at the Pakistaniat Conference organized by Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies (PICSS) in collaboration with Institute of Business Administration (IBA) Center for Entrepreneurial Development (CED) Karachi. The conference was attended by students of various universities of Karachi as well as academia, intelligentsia, retired civil and military officers. General Zubair that every nation makes mistakes and learns from them as the US made mistakes in Afghanistan and now realized that solution to Afghan problem lies in political reconciliation. In his key note address, General Zubair said that the treatment meted out in India to the minorities, especially the Muslims, clearly justifies the creation of Pakistan in 1947 as our forefathers under the able leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah exactly foreseen the Muslims of sub-continent were likely to face. He further said that two-nation theory explaining Muslims and Hindus being two separate nations was first adopted by Al-Biruni in some 900 years back who in his book said that this part of the world was inhabited by two separate nations Hindus and Muslims. He said that creation of Pakistan was not only the result of tireless efforts of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah but the valuable contributions made by common people. He said that we are the custodians of some of the world’s oldest civilizations and there is no power on earth which can undo Pakistan.Addressing the conference, Sindh Minister for Environment Taimur Talpur said that armed forces of this country with the backing of the nation fought and won a very tough war against terrorism despite the fact that the country was subjected to both internal and external threats. He said that future of this nation is safe as our younger generation is capable of steering this country to the glory and height that this country deserves. In his address, former senator Javed Jabbar said that history and civilization binds together the people of Pakistan regardless of their caste, colour, ethnicity and religion. He said that notwithstanding the importance of Mohanjo Daharo and Harrappa, the Mahargar Civilization whose traces were found in Sibi Balochistan was 11000 old as it was originated in 9000 BC just 1000 after the signs of settled life on earth were traced. He said that Pakistani nation is ethnically diverse and this is its strength. He said that he has identified 41 elements of Pakistaniat. Among them 30 are positive while 11 elements are negative. Chairman PICSS Major General (retd) Saad Khattak said that despite the fact that Pakistan was facing numerous challenges but this great country is bound to remain intact. He said that with conviction and devotion, there is nothing that one cannot achieve. He said that Pakistan has achieved notable success in war against terrorism but this war cannot be fought effectively without focusing on its ideological front. He highlighted PICSS motive behind organizing such conferences and that extremist forces are creating doubts in the minds of younger generation and PICSS was making efforts to help the nation fight this war on ideological front. He said that the concept of Pakistaniat is above religious, sectarian and ethnic lines that make us one nation. In his introductory remarks, Acting Executive Director IBA Saeed Ghani said that Pakistaniat is the concept of peace and tolerance. He highlighted the importance of freedom of speech and expression and said that sense of association with the country brought him back from abroad to serve this nation. He advised the participating youth to remain tolerant of each other and work hard to achieve national objectives. Director IBA CED Dr Shahid Qureshi spoke about the role entrepreneurship in proving hope to the hopeless youth of Pakistan. He said that the CED has already expand its reach in different parts of Pakistan through its National Entrepreneurship Program (NEP).In her presentation, Associate Dean Faculty of Business Administration IBA, Dr Huma Baqai said brain drain out of the country is a serious challenge and our leadership needs to take care of this. She said that focusing on education is need of the hour and without focusing on human development, Pakistan cannot achieve socio-economic progress. She said that youth of Pakistan deserve quality education, gain employment and meaningful engagement and our youth should not shy away from demanding these rights from political class.In his address, Pakistan’s first commercial pilot from Tharparkar Mahipal said that Pakistaniat means there should not be discrimination between people on the basis of religion, cast and culture. In his address, prominent actor Talat Hussain said he had returned to Pakistan to serve the country leaving behind a good career abroad. He said that the current low illiteracy rate in the country makes him worry and said that the true concept of Pakistaniat could be achieved only through increasing literacy rate in the country so that people could understand their rights and responsibilities. He advised younger generations that through hard work and dedication, they can achieve whatever they desired for. Addressing the conference, advocate Azad Bin Haider said that our forefathers gave so much sacrifices for this country and he was eye-witness to killings and mayhem of the partition when trains after trains came with dead bodies. He said that our leaders at the time of partition were self-less people who had devoted their lives for the welfare of the people and development of the country. He said that we once again need such leadership and there is no reason that Pakistan one day will be in a position to give loan to IMF. In his address, Vice Admiral (retd) Arifullah Hussaini said that Pakistaniat can be explained and understood through the Constitution of Pakistan which is the best constitution whose preamble provides an understanding of this nation. He said that every word of the national anthem narrates the true concept of Pakistaniat. He demanded that our Constitution should be made part of school curricula. Motivation Speaker Shaikh Atif Ahmed said that excellent cannot be achieved without efforts and struggle. He advised students to remain positive in their life and never fall in the trap of complaining. He said that patience and conviction are two main ingredients for growth in life. The conference was also addressed by child star Tawassul Shah and others.