According to monthly security assessment report by Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies (PICSS), an Islamabad based independent think tank, militant activities and resultant deaths in the country witnessed relative increase as compared to previous months though government and security forces are making continuous efforts to further improve security situation in the country. According to the report, 162 overall incidents related to anti-state violence by the militants and counter-insurgency operations by the state were monitored during May 2015 that caused 311 deaths, 136 others injured, three people kidnapped by the militants and at least 503 suspects were arrested.
PICSS statistics highlighted that out of given 162 overall incidents, there were 75 militant activities that caused 174 deaths while wounding 116 others. As compared to previous month (April), there has been more than 33pc increase in militant activities across the country, more than 60pc increase in number of deaths and more than 16pc increase in number of injuries. This increase in number of militant attacks has been witnessed across the country except FATA though this increase in Balochistan is much higher than other regions. In Balochistan, there has been almost 62pc increase in number militant attacks, almost 32pc increase in number of deaths and more than 37pc increase in number of injuries. FATA witnessed 21pc reduction in number of attacks, KP 22pc increase while Sindh witnessed 50pc increase in militant attacks.
Although militants are still not able to plan and execute attacks on major targets like military installations (excepting targeted killing of police officers in Karachi) they have been found quite active in targeting general population/ soft targets. The month witnessed two high profile attacks including a sectarian Safoora incident in which Ismaili community was targeted in Karachi (Sindh) while the other was massacre of Pasthun passengers in Mastung. In addition, the son of President Manmoon Hussain was also targeted in an IED blast in Hub (Balochistan) but he remained safe.
As per monthly security assessment report of PICSS, Balochistan has witnessed increase in militant activities. During the month of May, 34 militant activities were reported in the province that caused 44 deaths and 51 injuries. Given the allegations of Indian intelligence agency RAW’s involvement in Balochistan and acknowledgement of such policy by Indian defence minister, the latest upsurge in violence in the province seems to be externally driven, which is apparently aimed at sabotaging Pakistan-China Economic Corridor. The incident of Mastung passenger killings, who were ethnically Pashtun in origin, brought about a new dimension to an already fragile security situation of the province. Targeting Pasthun population is meant to pit ethnic communities of Baloch and Pasthuns which could have far reaching implications on security and social condition of the province.
PICSS monthly report further indicated some increase in IED based attacks as 28 incidents were reported in May in which militants resorted to use of IED against 22 incidents in the previous month. The report also highlighted phenomenal increase in incidents of targeted killing during the month of May as 21 incidents of targeted killing were reported during the month against 11 in the previous month. This increase in targeted killing was more pronounced in Balochistan though KP also witnessed some increase while number of incidents of targeted killing remained same in Sindh and FATA as compared to previous month.
PICSS statistics revealed slight reduction in security forces actions. During May, 87 security forces actions were carried out in which 137 people were killed, 12 injured and more than 501 suspects were arrested. While intensity in ongoing military operation in North Waziristan has been increased where security forces have targeted militants (including foreigners) in Shawal valley, there has been some less activities reported from Khyber where forces have cleared most part of the agency in operation KhyberI and Khyber II.
PICSS Security Report published in main stream media. Few links given below